Upholstery

What is Upholstery

Upholstery is a most common feature in interior designing and decoration work. Upholstery work is done in order to add furniture to your home space or automobiles. The term is mainly used in connection with furniture and more specifically, seats. When you think of upholstery, the immediate ideas that spring in mind are related to webbing, padding, fabric covers and springs.
Many believe that ‘Upholstery’ is a recent phenomenon. However, you will be surprised to know that this work is practiced since 18th century. Earlier, the term that was used to denote this kind of work was ‘Upholder’. According to few, upholder work meant repairing rather than creating something new. Today, upholstery is used in an all-inclusive sense that is to say in terms of repairing old furniture as well as creating a fresh one.

Well no matter, when upholstery became popular or where did it originate from, no one can actually deny the fact that a neat upholstery work accentuates the entire ambiance of the place or the object in concern.

History of Upholstery

As said, upholstery was previously referred by the term upholder. Earlier, this craft was mainly associated with repairing task and not for fresh piece of work. Way back in 18th century, the upholders in London used to do interior decoration works too taking care of the every aspect of the room décor. These upholders had the membership of the Worshipful Company of Upholders. The main task of this group of upholders before 18th century was to provide furniture and fittings during funeral ceremonies only.
With time, this practice in London changed and the makers of cabinets started joining hands with upholders to build unique pieces of furniture.

Types of Upholstery

Upholstery furniture can be classified into three basic types such as Padded, Over-stuffed and mixed constructions. In padded construction, you will not find the use of springs in the stuffing process. The materials used in upholstery in this kind of construction are usually foam rubber, cotton, kapok, plastic, coconut fibre and polyester among others. In over-stuffed construction, furniture is completely covered with materials. The sitting area and the back support are built with springs to enhance comfort quotient. Lastly, mixed construction incorporates the use of spring as well as padded materials.

Uses of Upholstery

Upholstery is widely used in households as well as work place. In different automobile segments such as cars & bikes also, you can see the use of upholstery. In fact, boats/ ships and airplanes also need fine upholstery work to create an attractive impact as well as to ensure maximum comfort for the passengers.

Domestic Upholstery

Domestic Upholstery

In domestic upholstery work, you have the liberty to use a wide variety of materials and objects. The work comprises framing, cushioning, padding and filling. From cotton, nylon to velvet fabrics and leathers are used in sofa, seats and various other furniture pieces.

Automobile Upholstery

Automobile Upholstery

Automobile upholstery comprises carpet, seat covers and vinyl tops among other materials. Air bags are also one of the parts of upholstery work.

Commercial Upholstery

Commercial Upholstery

Restaurants, hospitals, churches, clinics and offices are the best example in this segment. The upholstery work in this segment is required in the areas of seat construction, dining chairs, stools, tables and lobby.

Marine Upholstery

Marine Upholstery

In case of upholstery work for marine, different factors such as sunlight, dampness and rough use need to be considered. Fabric needs to be UV resistant. Staples and screws made of stainless steel to be largely used. The wood should be of high quality. The artisan uses Dacron thread and nylon zipper in their sewing task.

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